Kleenex Branding Strategy 2024: A Case Study

Kleenex, a leading brand in the tissue and personal care industry, has implemented a comprehensive branding strategy to enhance its market presence and engage with its target audience effectively. By leveraging creative campaigns, social media success, product innovation, and collaborations between agencies, Kleenex has strengthened its brand equity and achieved significant growth in recent years.

Successful Campaigns and Awards

Kleenex’s marketing approach focuses on creating informative and emotionally compelling campaigns that resonate with consumers. One notable campaign was the promotion of their Balsam tissues during the Cold and Flu season. Collaborating with Delta, Kleenex showcased the softness and soothing properties of their tissues through adaptable key visuals and promotional kit artwork. The campaign garnered positive feedback from consumers and industry recognition.

Social Media Success

Kleenex has effectively utilized social media platforms to build brand awareness and engage with its target audience. By maintaining well-optimized social media channels, Kleenex has been able to reach a vast user base and create meaningful interactions with consumers. Social media listening tools, such as Brand24, have helped Kleenex monitor brand mentions and conversations, facilitating brand awareness and customer engagement.

Engaging an Older Audience

Kleenex has recognized the importance of engaging an older audience, who are key consumers of tissues and personal care products. Through targeted marketing and tailored messaging, Kleenex has successfully connected with this demographic and created brand loyalty. By understanding the unique needs and preferences of older consumers, Kleenex has designed products that meet their specific requirements.

Product Innovation

Kleenex believes in continuous product innovation to stay at the forefront of the market. By addressing functional frustrations, such as tissue quality and usage experience, Kleenex has developed innovative solutions that enhance customer satisfaction. The company’s dedication to product improvement has resulted in increased customer loyalty and boosted brand reputation.

Collaboration Between Agencies

Kleenex has fostered successful collaborations with agencies to create impactful marketing campaigns and advertising initiatives. By leveraging the expertise of creative professionals, Kleenex has been able to develop compelling brand narratives and visually appealing content. Collaborations have played a crucial role in reinforcing Kleenex’s brand identity and reaching new target markets.

ROI and Cost Efficiency

Kleenex’s branding strategy has focused on maximizing return on investment (ROI) and cost efficiency. By carefully measuring the effectiveness of marketing campaigns and tracking key performance indicators, Kleenex has optimized its marketing spend and ensured that resources are allocated strategically. This approach has resulted in enhanced brand visibility and improved business performance.

Reaching Low Involvement Consumers

Kleenex understands the importance of reaching low involvement consumers who may not actively seek out tissue or personal care products. By implementing a brand awareness strategy that establishes name recognition and familiarity, Kleenex has successfully prompted purchases from this target audience. Consistent branding elements, such as colors, fonts, and logos, have created a recognizable and trusted brand identity.

Expanding into New Markets

Kleenex has identified the potential for growth in new markets and has implemented strategies to expand its presence. By conducting thorough market research and understanding consumer preferences, Kleenex has tailored its products and marketing efforts to resonate with specific regional or demographic segments. This proactive approach has allowed Kleenex to tap into new customer bases and drive revenue growth.


Kleenex’s branding strategy has enabled the company to establish a strong brand presence, engage with its target audience, and achieve remarkable success in the tissue and personal care industry. Continuing to prioritize innovation, collaboration, and customer-centric initiatives, Kleenex is well-positioned for continued growth and market leadership in the coming years.

Key Takeaways:

  • Kleenex has implemented compelling marketing campaigns, resulting in increased brand awareness and industry recognition.
  • Effective use of social media platforms has allowed Kleenex to engage with a wide audience and monitor brand conversations.
  • Targeted marketing strategies have successfully engaged an older demographic, leading to increased brand loyalty.
  • Product innovation and addressing functional frustrations have improved customer satisfaction and loyalty.
  • Collaborations with agencies have played a crucial role in reinforcing Kleenex’s brand identity and reaching new markets.

Successful Campaigns and Awards

In the competitive world of advertising, it takes exceptional strategies to leave a lasting impact. Kleenex, a leading brand in the facial tissue industry, has consistently demonstrated its prowess in creating successful campaigns and building a strong brand identity. By employing innovative advertising tactics and leveraging strategic marketing initiatives, Kleenex has secured its position as a top player in the market.

One of Kleenex’s notable advertising strategies is exemplified by their “Feel me, I’m gorgeous” campaign for their Ultra Soft sub-brand. This campaign targeted upmarket women and aimed to create a memorable and engaging experience. With creative elements such as an iconic tissue dress and captivating visuals, Kleenex successfully captured the attention of their target audience.

This unique approach to advertising earned Kleenex the FMCG prize at the Marketing Week Engage Awards, further solidifying the brand’s reputation for excellence. By consistently pushing boundaries and thinking outside the box, Kleenex has shown that effective advertising goes beyond traditional norms.

In addition to their successful branding campaigns, Kleenex has also expanded their product range to appeal to a broader audience. By introducing products such as Mansize tissues and facial cleansing products, Kleenex has diversified their offerings and catered to different consumer needs. This expansion has not only increased the brand’s visibility but also allowed them to connect with a wider consumer base.

Through their strategic vision, research and development, integrated marketing, and innovative advertising, Kleenex has positioned itself as a market leader. The brand’s outstanding leadership and commitment to excellence have set them apart from their competitors. By continuously adapting to changing consumer preferences and market trends, Kleenex has established a strong and recognizable brand identity.

Kleenex’s success serves as a testament to the power of effective advertising and marketing strategies. By consistently delivering high-quality products and captivating campaigns, Kleenex has maintained its position as the go-to facial tissue brand according to Consumer Reports. With a keen understanding of their target audience and a commitment to innovation, Kleenex continues to set the standard for success in the industry.

Summary of Kleenex’s Successful Campaigns and Awards:

Successful Campaigns and Awards Impressions Interactions
“Feel me, I’m gorgeous” campaign Over 650,000 1,800
FMCG prize at the Marketing Week Engage Awards N/A N/A

These achievements highlight Kleenex’s commitment to creating engaging and impactful campaigns that resonate with their target audience. Through strategic branding initiatives and innovative advertising strategies, Kleenex has solidified its position as an industry leader.

Social Media Success

Kleenex has implemented effective promotional techniques on social media to engage their target audience and drive brand success. One of their notable social media campaigns was the “Unlikely Best Friends” campaign, which quickly gained traction and viral success. In just one week after its launch, the campaign garnered over 138,000 shares, demonstrating the power of engaging and shareable content.

This campaign not only increased brand visibility but also emphasized the significance of word-of-mouth marketing. Studies have shown that 84% of customers trust recommendations from family and friends, highlighting the importance of creating compelling content that resonates with audiences and encourages them to share with their networks.

Another successful social media campaign by Kleenex was “Softness Worth Sharing.” Through this campaign, over a million packs of tissues were shared, emphasizing the brand’s widespread reach through personal connections. By leveraging social media platforms, Kleenex was able to tap into the power of personal connections and encourage individuals to share their experiences with the brand.

Moreover, Kleenex adapted to market demands and doubled its sales by repackaging its tissues as disposable handkerchiefs, in addition to makeup removers. This strategic move showcases how the brand effectively responds to customer needs and preferences, resulting in increased sales and customer satisfaction.

When it comes to social media success, Kleenex understands the importance of consistency in their marketing efforts. By maintaining a strong presence on various platforms and consistently delivering engaging content, the brand has been able to establish brand salience and foster a loyal customer base.

In summary, Kleenex has utilized social media platforms to their advantage, leveraging the power of viral campaigns, word-of-mouth marketing, and personal connections. Their success in engaging and expanding their audience through social media is evident in the positive outcomes they have achieved. By adapting to market demands and maintaining consistency in their marketing efforts, Kleenex continues to thrive and resonate with their target audience.

Campaign Shares
Unlikely Best Friends 138,000
Softness Worth Sharing 1,000,000+

Engaging an Older Audience

As brands strive to expand their reach and engage with diverse demographic groups, it is essential to consider the marketing approaches that effectively target an older audience. This section explores how brands, including Kleenex, have successfully implemented strategies to engage older consumers.

Social Media as a Powerful Tool

In today’s digital age, social media has become an invaluable platform for brands to connect with their target audience, regardless of age. Kleenex’s marketing approach effectively utilizes social media to engage older consumers and generate leads.

An example of a successful campaign targeting an older audience is the case of StatePlus, a financial planning firm. To address a decline in appointment requests, StatePlus incorporated social media into their marketing funnel, adding awareness and consideration layers.

The campaign included video ads tailored to older consumers and nurturing content that addressed their specific financial planning needs. With effective targeting and retargeting strategies, StatePlus was able to reach over 262,000 people in the public sector.

Furthermore, StatePlus achieved an impressive 10.8% conversion rate, demonstrating that social media can be an effective tool for engaging an older audience and generating leads. This success can be attributed to the careful consideration of the target audience’s preferences and the delivery of relevant and compelling content.

Nurturing a Relationship with Older Consumers

In addition to utilizing social media, brands must focus on nurturing a relationship with older consumers to foster loyalty and build brand awareness. This can be achieved through various strategies, including:

  • Providing educational resources and informative content that addresses the specific needs and concerns of older consumers.
  • Engaging in meaningful conversations and responding promptly to inquiries and feedback.
  • Establishing trust through transparent communication and delivering on promises.

By implementing these strategies, brands can establish a strong connection with older consumers, positioning themselves as trusted advisors and reliable sources of information.

Case Study: Kleenex’s Impactful Advertising

Kleenex, a well-known brand recognized for its facial tissues and personal care products, has successfully engaged an older audience through impactful advertising campaigns. By focusing on emotional storytelling and relatable situations, Kleenex has resonated with older consumers.

An example of Kleenex’s effective advertising is their “Moments Worth Sharing” campaign, which emphasizes the emotional value of sharing life’s precious moments with loved ones. Through heartwarming stories and relatable experiences, Kleenex has effectively connected with older consumers, eliciting feelings of nostalgia and empathy.

This approach has not only increased brand awareness among older audiences but also fostered a sense of loyalty and association with Kleenex products. By understanding the unique needs and preferences of older consumers, Kleenex has established itself as a trusted brand in the market.

Overall, engaging an older audience requires a strategic and thoughtful marketing approach. By utilizing social media platforms, nurturing relationships, and implementing impactful advertising campaigns, brands like Kleenex have successfully captured the attention and loyalty of older consumers. The key lies in understanding their preferences, addressing their concerns, and delivering content that resonates with their emotions and experiences.

Product Innovation

In the highly competitive market of facial tissues, Kleenex has consistently pushed the boundaries of product innovation to meet evolving consumer needs. By understanding and addressing these needs, Kleenex has solidified its position as one of the top two facial tissue brands in the US market, alongside Puffs.

Continuous Development

Kleenex has made significant strides in product development, consistently introducing new and improved offerings that cater to a wide range of consumer requirements. They understand that consumers are looking for more than just a disposable handkerchief; they want convenience, softness, soothing properties, and even relief from common ailments like a cough.

One notable innovation by Kleenex was the introduction of Ultra Soft tissues in 1990, which became the first 3-ply tissue in the market. This development revolutionized the industry and set a new standard for softness and comfort. Taking a cue from this success, Puffs also embraced innovation by introducing lotion-infused facial tissues in 1987, providing consumers with a soothing experience and reducing soreness.

Kleenex further reinforced its commitment to innovation in 2004 with the launch of anti-viral tissues effective against Rhinoviruses, Influenza A and B, and Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). This breakthrough not only provided consumers with a hygienic solution but also brought a sense of security during times of heightened concern about contagious illnesses.

Pricing and Product Comparison

Both Kleenex and Puffs have established themselves as premium brands by offering innovative products that meet a diverse range of consumer needs. This positioning is reflected in their pricing strategies. For example, an online comparison revealed that Ultra Soft 60 ct. Kleenex tissues were priced at $3.19, while Ultra Soft 48 ct. Puffs tissues were priced at $2.39. This premium pricing is a testament to the perceived value and quality of their innovative offerings.

Brand Expansion

Kleenex has demonstrated its brand development expertise by successfully extending its product portfolio beyond facial tissues. Leveraging its trusted brand name, Kleenex ventured into other relevant categories such as toilet paper and wipes. By expanding their offerings, Kleenex has not only increased their revenue streams but also strengthened their position as a household name associated with hygiene and comfort.

Fearless Branding and Emotional Connections

Kleenex’s success in product innovation can be attributed to its fearless approach to branding. By focusing on creating a strong emotional connection with consumers, Kleenex has nurtured brand loyalty that goes beyond functional benefits. Consumers have come to trust and rely on Kleenex, turning to the brand during their vulnerable moments. This emotional connection, fostered through continuous innovation, has translated into greater sales and a more efficient use of marketing dollars.

Collaboration Between Agencies

Kleenex’s advertising strategies and successful campaigns have been marked by the close collaboration between different agencies. One notable example is their rebranding campaign for Kleenex toilet paper, where agencies including JWT, Edelman, and Mindshare worked together to create and execute the campaign.

This collaboration resulted in exceptional outcomes for the brand, demonstrating the importance of positive relationships between agencies in achieving marketing success. By leveraging the expertise of each agency, Kleenex was able to implement a comprehensive and impactful campaign.

Statistics on Successful Kleenex Campaigns

Campaign Results
Kleenex Toilet Paper Rebranding
  • Highest ROI compared to any other media channel
  • 43% of media sales driven by paid social media efforts with only 13.75% of the total media budget
  • CPM 50% lower than the target set
  • Reached a unique audience of 6,633,113, representing 70% of the target demographic
  • 13 million more impressions garnered than expected
Financial Planning Firm Campaign
  • Reached 262,000 individuals in the public sector, constituting a potential audience of 340,000 people
  • 9,448 clicks to the website with a conversion rate of 10.8%
  • Cost per lead (CPL) 48% lower than the initial target

The success of these campaigns showcases the power of collaboration between agencies in implementing effective advertising strategies. By pooling their expertise and resources, Kleenex was able to exceed expectations and achieve remarkable results.

Building and maintaining brand awareness is crucial for the long-term success of any brand. Effective advertising plays a pivotal role in driving successful brand awareness campaigns. Kleenex has become synonymous with facial tissue, while brands like Jeep have successfully established themselves as leaders in the sport-utility vehicle market.

Repetitious advertising is key to creating a lasting memory trace for consumers, reinforcing brand recognition and association. Consistent advertising efforts are vital in maintaining brand awareness, as a lack of advertising can lead to a rapid loss of recognition. With the advent of the internet, brand awareness marketing has been revolutionized, providing brands with more measurable and quantifiable strategies.

Online mediums, especially social media, offer significant advantages in terms of reach and monitoring capacity, making them a critical aspect of customer engagement and brand awareness. By leveraging social media platforms like Instagram, YouTube, and Facebook, Kleenex plans to expand its online presence and continue driving brand awareness in the coming months.

ROI and Cost Efficiency

Kleenex’s promotional techniques and advertising strategies have always focused on achieving optimal ROI and cost efficiency. By investing in brand awareness campaigns, Kleenex has consistently demonstrated the value of allocating a significant portion of the marketing budget towards building brand equity.

Category leaders in various industries typically allocate roughly 50% of their marketing budget towards brand awareness campaigns. Kleenex, as a leading brand, follows this industry trend by investing a significant portion of its marketing budget into these campaigns.

Measuring the ROI of brand awareness is crucial for justifying marketing spend and assessing the success of campaigns. Kleenex utilizes easy-to-use formulas for tracking and calculating the ROI of their brand awareness efforts, providing a clear measure of the returns generated from their brand investments.

Kleenex’s social media campaigns have been particularly successful in driving higher ROI compared to other traditional channels. One notable example is their toilet paper relaunch campaign, where paid social drove 43% of media sales while accounting for only 13.75% of the total media budget. This resulted in a CPM 50% lower than the target and 13 million more impressions than expected. These results demonstrate the cost efficiency and effectiveness of Kleenex’s promotional techniques.

To further emphasize Kleenex’s cost efficiency, consider the following statistics:

Kleenex’s Cost Efficiency Statistics
Kleenex generated over $200K in media value within a single month.
Long John Silver’s and Ad Cucina achieved 10% efficiency in Cost Per Site Visit (CPSV), reaching local Connected TV (CTV) audiences at scale.
The Yahoo DSP and VideoAmp partnership drove incremental reach valued at $4.7M for a national electronics retailer.

These statistics highlight the success of Kleenex’s advertising strategies and their ability to achieve efficient cost per site visits and drive incremental reach for partnering brands.

Investing in brand awareness campaigns and prioritizing cost efficiency has allowed Kleenex to not only differentiate itself from competitors but also boost customer loyalty and reduce expenditures on costly keywords. By maintaining a strong brand presence, Kleenex can attract and retain customers, encourage repeat business, enable higher pricing, diminish competition, and improve access to capital.

Reaching Low Involvement Consumers

When it comes to consumer packaged goods, some products are considered low involvement purchases. This means that consumers don’t typically spend a lot of time or energy researching or evaluating their options before making a decision. Toilet paper is one such product that falls into this category. However, this didn’t deter Kleenex from finding innovative ways to engage their target audience and create a lasting brand impression.

In their branding tactics, Kleenex recognized the importance of capturing the attention and interest of consumers, even in a low involvement category. They understood that to stand out in a market where brands struggle to differentiate themselves, they needed to think outside the box. One strategy they employed was leveraging the emotional appeal of their iconic puppy mascot.

The presence of the puppy mascot on Kleenex packaging served as a semiotic encoding technique. By using symbols like puppies and angels, Kleenex was able to communicate messages of softness, comfort, and care. They understood how colors could impact consumer behavior, so they strategically chose packaging designs that would evoke positive emotions and create a connection with their target audience.

But Kleenex didn’t stop there. They also created a sense of tension and engagement by launching audition videos featuring other animals vying for the role of the brand’s mascot. This campaign generated a significant amount of consumer engagement, with over 2000 comments on one of the audition videos alone. It was a bold move that showcased Kleenex’s ability to create compelling content and capture the attention of consumers, even in a low involvement category.

These tactics were part of Kleenex’s larger ‘Let It Out’ campaign, which aimed to increase consumer involvement and differentiate the brand in the tissue category. The campaign launched in 2006 and gained traction by leveraging the Olympic frenzy in 2008 to introduce new Kleenex branded products.

While some experts praised the innovation and emotional appeal of the ‘Let It Out’ campaign, others criticized certain elements for missing the core goals of product advertising. However, it cannot be denied that the campaign successfully reached previously hard-to-reach customers and revitalized the Kleenex brand.

Going forward, it’s clear that Kleenex’s branding tactics have made an impact in the consumer packaged goods industry. Their ability to engage low involvement consumers showcases their strategic approach to brand management and their understanding of the subconscious influences on consumer choice.

Expanding into New Markets

Kleenex has charted an impressive path of brand development by expanding beyond its core product of tissues. Leveraging its strong brand presence and market dominance, Kleenex has successfully diversified its product offerings, delving into new markets while upholding brand consistency and consumer trust. This strategic move has allowed Kleenex to cater to the evolving needs of its customers while capitalizing on its established brand equity.

One notable expansion initiative undertaken by Kleenex was the introduction of facial cleansing products. By tapping into the skincare market, Kleenex showcased its ability to adapt to changing consumer preferences and leverage its brand heritage to branch out into new product categories. This move not only opened doors to new consumer segments but also strengthened the brand’s position as a reliable provider of personal care solutions.

The expansion into facial cleansing products was a testament to Kleenex’s commitment to continuous brand development and innovation. By utilizing their existing brand recognition and market presence, Kleenex was able to penetrate new markets successfully and broaden their product portfolio. This diversification strategy not only strengthened the brand’s offerings but also allowed Kleenex to cater to a wider range of consumer needs.

As a result of its fearless branding and strategic market expansions, Kleenex has not only experienced a significant increase in sales and brand value but has also solidified its position in the global market. With a sales figure nearing $2 billion and a valuation of over $3 billion, Kleenex has positioned itself as a powerhouse brand in the industry.

Kleenex’s success in expanding into new markets is a testament to the power of effective branding and the ability to create strong emotional connections with consumers. By staying true to its core brand values and leveraging its reputation, Kleenex has been able to cultivate brand loyalty and foster repeat business. This, in turn, has resulted in greater sales, reduced marketing spend, successful line extensions, and powerful consumer connections.

The enduring popularity and marketing effectiveness of Kleenex are underscored by its substantial market share statistics. Holding approximately 45% of the global market share in tissue paper products, Kleenex has established itself as a dominant force in the industry. In the United States, where strong brand loyalty and market positioning prevail, Kleenex consistently maintains a market share of around 60%, further cementing its position as a leader.

Expanding into new markets is a complex process that requires a thoughtful approach, sharp market insights, and a deep understanding of consumer preferences. Kleenex’s success in this endeavor serves as a valuable case study for aspiring brands looking to diversify and expand their offerings. By embracing fearless branding, focusing on effective marketing strategies, and recognizing opportunities for product innovation, brands can create strong market positions and achieve sustainable growth.

Global Market Share US Market Share
Kleenex 45% 60%
Competitors 55% 40%

As an industry leader, Kleenex sets an example for other brands striving to expand their reach and explore new markets. The success of Kleenex’s brand development journey serves as inspiration for marketers seeking to create enduring brand connections, achieve significant market share, and make a powerful impact on their industry.


Throughout its history, Kleenex has implemented a successful branding strategy that has allowed the brand to thrive in the competitive facial tissue market. By recognizing the evolving needs of consumers and adapting its product offerings, Kleenex has remained a trusted and preferred choice for individuals worldwide.

From its origins as a filter for gas masks during World War I to becoming a staple in Hollywood makeup artists’ kits in the 1930s, Kleenex has continuously innovated and expanded its product line. The introduction of the “man-size” tissue in 1956, based on market research, demonstrated Kleenex’s commitment to meeting consumers’ preferences and needs.

In recent years, Kleenex has leveraged the power of social media to engage with its audience and maintain a strong presence on major platforms. Through campaigns that highlight the practical uses and benefits of Kleenex, the brand has successfully connected with consumers and fostered brand loyalty.

Looking ahead, Kleenex continues to face challenges from competitors such as Quilton, but the brand remains committed to its KC Strategy 2022, focusing on balanced and sustainable growth. Emphasizing its global reach, environmental responsibility, and product innovation, Kleenex is poised to maintain its position as a leader in the facial tissue market.


What is Kleenex’s branding strategy?

Kleenex’s branding strategy focuses on innovation, engagement, and collaboration. They highlight their product features and target specific audiences to maintain a strong brand identity and drive sales. They also leverage social media to engage consumers and expand their product offerings to meet diverse needs.

What successful campaigns and awards has Kleenex received?

Kleenex’s “Feel me, I’m gorgeous” campaign for their Ultra Soft sub-brand won the FMCG prize at the Marketing Week Engage Awards. They have also implemented informative campaigns to highlight the benefits of their Balsam tissues during the Cold and Flu season.

How has Kleenex achieved social media success?

Kleenex has utilized social media to re-engage audiences and drive brand engagement and sales. They created audition videos featuring various animals vying to be the brand’s spokes-animal, which generated high return on investment and reached a unique audience of 6,633,113. This showcases the power of social media in driving brand engagement.

How has Kleenex engaged an older audience?

Kleenex used social media to reach an older audience and generate leads for their financial planning services. Through video ads, nurturing content, and retargeting strategies, they achieved a conversion rate of 10.8% and reached 262,000 people in the public sector. This demonstrates the effectiveness of social media in engaging older audiences.

How has Kleenex innovated its product offerings?

Kleenex has continuously developed new products to cater to different consumer needs. They launched Balsam tissues, focused on soothing irritated skin, and Mansize tissues, featuring smaller size boxes for easier accessibility. Additionally, they introduced facial cleansing products, returning to their brand heritage.

How has collaboration between agencies contributed to Kleenex’s success?

Kleenex’s successful campaigns, including their toilet paper relaunch, were made possible through collaboration between agencies. Agencies such as JWT, Edelman, and Mindshare played crucial roles in creating and executing campaigns, resulting in outstanding results for the brand.

What is the ROI and cost efficiency of Kleenex’s promotional techniques?

Kleenex’s social media campaigns have driven higher ROI compared to other traditional channels. Their toilet paper relaunch campaign achieved the highest ROI, with paid social driving 43% of media sales while accounting for only 13.75% of the media budget. This resulted in cost efficiency and exceeded impressions expectations.

How has Kleenex engaged low involvement consumers?

Kleenex successfully engaged low involvement consumers by leveraging their iconic puppy mascot and creating tension through audition videos featuring other animals. This campaign generated significant engagement and showcased Kleenex’s ability to capture consumer attention in a low involvement category.

How has Kleenex expanded into new markets?

Kleenex has expanded beyond their core product of tissues by introducing facial cleansing products. By returning to their brand heritage while entering new markets, Kleenex offers a broader range of products to meet diverse consumer needs, strengthening their brand presence.
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Editorial Team